Varmint & Predator Ammunition

Varmint & Predator Ammunition

It's a cold and dreary day. A brisk wind blasts across your face, so the 32-degree temperature feels more like 20. Snow covers the field in front of you and makes the brown dot darting through the brush unmistakable. A coyote has fallen for your call.

He's coming in fast. Settling down into the rifle, you take aim through your scope. A perfect shot must be placed; he will not offer a second chance. A hard-hitting, flat-shooting bullet is needed to get the job done.

What's the best ammunition to turn to for coyotes in this situation?

The Predator Hunting Medicine

Predator hunting is a tough task. You must outsmart creatures whose natural instincts are to be as "sly as a fox." Predators (coyotes, bobcats and fox) are naturally wary, and getting them to fall for a distressed animal call is not easy.


When the opportunity does present itself, more often than not you're dealing with animals that come in fast and won't stick around if you miss, leaving you little time to prepare. This is when you need complete confidence that your ammunition will hit your target and finish the job.


With the varied shooting distances you'll encounter predator hunting, and with little time to determine the precise holdover in your scope, you'll need a cartridge that has a flat trajectory.

Does this sound like a foreign language to you?

There are a lot of terms used for shooting and hunting that often leave newbies scratching their heads. Here are some important terms to understand when picking predator ammunition.

Understanding Bullet Talk

Group size is used to describe the accuracy of a firearm. When sighting in your rifle, your group size (the term used to refer to a group of holes on the target, which have been fired as a series of three or five consecutive shots) is calculated by measuring the distance (center to center) between the two widest shots in your group. Long story short, if your group of fired shots is clustering within one inch of each other at 100 yards, you're shooting a good rifle and ammunition combo.


Varmint & Predator Ammunition

MOA (minute of angle) is an angle of measurement. A minute of angle is 1/60th of a degree. This means that 1 MOA covers an area of roughly 1 inch at 100 yards (the actual measurement is 1.047 inches at 100 yards). At longer distances, 1 MOA covers a larger area — 3 inches at 300 yards; 8 inches at 800 yards, yet it is still just 1 MOA. So, when you hear shooters talking about predator rifles that shoot sub-MOA groups, they're referring to rifles that consistently group three to five shots under 1 inch at 100 yards.

Trajectory is the path your bullet takes when it leaves the rifle barrel. Bullets don't travel in a flat, straight line. Instead, they make an arc, starting low, rising in the middle, and eventually falling to hit your target.

Varmint & Predator Ammunition

The term "flat shooting" is often heard when discussing ammunition. No ammunition will ever shoot exactly "flat," but the smaller the arc, the better for hunting predators. This is because predators move in fast and you want a bullet that is going to hit your target without having to recalculate where to aim with your scope.


Caliber is the diameter of the rifle bore as measured between the grooves in the rifling, which impart spin to the bullet. It also refers to the diameter of the bullet being used. Calibers like the .223 or .22-250 are ideal for predators when loaded with the proper bullets.

Bullets are the projectiles actually fired from the rifle. Choosing the right bullet is important for hunting any game, and predators are no exception. You want a bullet that won't do too much damage to the pelt, but you want it to expand and fragment after penetration so the animal is killed quickly. Remember what I said: Predators won't give you a second shot. You need to get the job done the first time with a well-placed, ethical shot.

Predator ammunition

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.

Recommended Articles

See More Recommendations

Popular Videos

Gun Clips with Joe Mantegna - 94 WINCHESTER

Gun Clips with Joe Mantegna - 94 WINCHESTER

Joe Mantegna talks about the origins of the 94 Winchester rifle.

Black Hills Evolution of Rifle Cartridge: .308 Win. 175 Gr. Match

Black Hills Evolution of Rifle Cartridge: .308 Win. 175 Gr. Match

David Fortier talks with Jeff Hoffman of Black Hills Ammunition about the evolution of the .308 Win. 175 Gr. Match bullet.

All About .300 Blackout

All About .300 Blackout

The .300 Blackout is here to stay, and we take some time to look at new technology surrounding this cartridge. Next, we pit subsonic rivals against each other before stretching the legs of this CQB round out to 600 yards from a short 9-inch barrel.

Beretta

Beretta's New 92X

The 92X Performance model from Beretta was created to satisfy two requirements: Speed and accuracy. Beretta's new competition pistol is uncompromising and aims for top performance.

See More Popular Videos

Trending Articles

Don't underestimate the fun factor. Shotguns

Review: Remington V3 TAC-13

Brad Fitzpatrick - March 08, 2019

Don't underestimate the fun factor.

The one glaring weakness in the .30-­caliber magnum cartridge lineup is best highlighted by examining the requirement around which Hornady designed the .300 PRC; the requirement came from the U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM). Rifle

.300 PRC Review

Tom Beckstrand - March 12, 2019

The one glaring weakness in the .30-­caliber magnum cartridge lineup is best highlighted by...

Reminiscing on another great American lever action. Rifles

Review: Savage Model 99

Craig Boddington - February 11, 2019

Reminiscing on another great American lever action.

Here's the latest competitive intel on what are the top ARs in 3-Gun today and why. Rifles

Top ARs in 3-Gun Shooting Today

James Tarr - May 14, 2019

Here's the latest competitive intel on what are the top ARs in 3-Gun today and why.

See More Trending Articles

More Shoot 101

Reloading is a great way to make inexpensive practice ammo, create better performing loads, and can also open new opportunities to shoot firearms for which factory ammunition is not readily available. Shoot 101

Reloading 101

Chris Hendrix - May 11, 2020

Reloading is a great way to make inexpensive practice ammo, create better performing loads,...

The Blackhawk A.R.C. (Appendix Reversible Carry) holster provides versatile and comfortable carry options for a variety of pistols. Shoot 101

Blackhawk A.R.C Holster Review

Guns & Ammo Staff - May 18, 2020

The Blackhawk A.R.C. (Appendix Reversible Carry) holster provides versatile and comfortable...

The Rascal is a single-shot bolt-action rimfire rifle that goes a long way toward making a young shooter's efforts successful. Shoot 101

Savage Rascal Single-Shot Rimfire Rifle - Perfect for Youth

Guns & Ammo Staff - May 10, 2020

The Rascal is a single-shot bolt-action rimfire rifle that goes a long way toward making a...

It takes a lot of preparation to get started in 3-Gun. Here are the basics to give you an edge. Shoot 101

Getting Started in 3-Gun

Becky Yackley - May 11, 2020

It takes a lot of preparation to get started in 3-Gun. Here are the basics to give you an edge.

See More Shoot 101

GET THE MAGAZINE Subscribe & Save

Digital Now Included!

SUBSCRIBE NOW

Give a Gift   |   Subscriber Services

PREVIEW THIS MONTH'S ISSUE

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.

Get Digital Access.

All Guns and Ammo subscribers now have digital access to their magazine content. This means you have the option to read your magazine on most popular phones and tablets.

To get started, click the link below to visit mymagnow.com and learn how to access your digital magazine.

Get Digital Access

Not a Subscriber?
Subscribe Now